Pest Guides

Meadow Vole

Microtus pennsylvanicus

Appearance

Meadow Vole Image  | Rentokil Pest Control Zambia
  • Small rodent, short legs, short tail.
  • Average length 6.5".
  • Chestnut-brown fur which is greyer in Winter.
  • Front paws have four toes, hind paws have five.
  • Round nose.

Lifecycle

  • Females can reproduce 1-5 times a year.
  • Average five pups per litter.
  • Lifespan is less than one year in natural environment due to predators, can live several years when in captivity.

Habits

  • Visibility - Are visible year-round. Most active at night during Summer, and during the day in Winter.
  • Feeding - Grasses and seeds, tree bark in Winter.
  • Location - Open fields including wet meadows especially areas with dense plant cover.
  • Nesting - They create underground burrows and build a summer nest from dry grass. During the Winter they make nests above ground level under snow.